Berries and fruits - what's the difference?
04 january 2017, 04:51
The Botanical definition berry fleshy fruit developing from a single ovary. Grapes is a good example. Berry is the most common type of fleshy fruit in which the ovary as they Mature transformirovalsya in edible pericarp. Berry can have one or more carpels with a thin covering and fleshy inside. The seeds are usually embedded in the flesh of the ovary there are some exceptions such as pepper.
The plant produces the berries called jagodinsky or berry fruits that resemble berries but actually they are not also sometimes can be called berries.
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At home berry berry is any small fruit.
These berries are usually juicy, round or semi-oblong, brightly coloured, sweet or sour and have seeds although seeds may be present.
A large number of berries such as tomatoes are edible while others from the same family of plants such as the fruits of belladonna Atropa belladonna and fruits of potato Solanum tuberosum are poisonous to humans. Some berries such as red Capsicum Cayenne pepper around the seed is not the flesh and the free space.
Speaking of the Botanical language, a berry is a fruit in which the seeds and the pulp of the fruit develops from one ovary. The ovary may be lower or upper.
Examples of Botanical berries include
Fruits of citrus such as the orange kumquat and lemon are berries with a thick rind and very juicy interior part they have a special name - orange.
Berries developing from the bottom of the ovary is sometimes called apigenine or false berries as true berries develop from the top of the ovary. Feature epigonic berries is the fact that the structure of the berry includes tissue taken from the parts of the flower and beyond the body of the ovary. Floral tube formed from the basal part of the sepals petals and stamens as they Mature becomes fleshy and is connected with the body of the ovary forming the fruit. Among the common fruits that are sometimes classified as epigone berries include bananas, coffee, members of the genus Vaccinium for example cranberries and blueberries and members of the gourd family such as cucumbers, melons and pumpkins.
Another specialized term is used in respect of the fruit of the genus Cucurbita which have a hard outer crust. They are called pumpkins Pepos. While Pumpkins are the most common plants of the genus Cucurbita fruits of passion fruit and papaya is sometimes also referred to as Pumpkin.
Many fruits that are commonly called berries are actually berries according to the scientific classification but are not.
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